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The case for investment

Photo: P MostertMalaria control has a high economic return on investment. High prevalence of malaria is associated with a huge loss of disease-adjusted life years and decreased productivity and impacts heavily on foreign investments and other revenues such as tourism.

Children saved by vector control based on 2011–2015 scale-up scenariosPregnant women and children are most vulnerable to malaria. This is why malaria control is a pre-requisite for achieving MDGs 4 and 5 on child and maternal health. Malaria interventions can effectively be used as vehicles for other maternal and child health interventions within integrated packages for child illness management. For example, bed nets and preventive treatments can be distributed through antenatal and child health clinics or through campaigns that include other interventions such as immunization or nutritional activities.

Photo credit: M.HalahanMalaria control has a direct effect on reducing mortality, morbidity and bed occupancy in hospitals and health centres, thus decreasing the burden on health systems and health care costs. Well planned malaria control programs also strengthen health systems by improving logistics capacity, epidemiological surveillance, accountability, monitoring and evaluation.

Decline in malaria in-patient and out-patient cases in a hospital in Rwanda (source: Global Fund, 2009)

For other development areas that have clear links to malaria investments, view Multisectoral approach on malaria library.