ODA commmitments for health (US$ billion, basic health)
ODA commmitments for malaria control (US$ billion)
Overall funding for malaria control has increased dramatically since 2004. This has allowed deaths from malaria to be reduced substantially worldwide, from nearly 985,000 in 2002 to 627,000 in 2012, with the largest decrease having taken place in Africa.
The latest data from OECD/DAC show nevertheless a significant reduction in multilateral funding (mainly due to the Global Fund decreasing resources) and slowing growth in commitments from official development assistance (ODA) by bilateral donors.
Endemic governments reported in 2012 domestic investments for some US$ 690 million worldwide. The proportion of domestic funding as part of overall funding varies significantly from one region to the other, ranging from 23% in Africa, to 43% in Asia, to 86% in Latin America. Domestic funding can still be substantially expanded in Africa and Asia. A growing body of evidence suggests that malaria control has a strong impact on economic growth and provides a powerful incentive for increased investments.
The major international financiers of malaria control are the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (76% of total aid for malaria since 2002), the US President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI, 15%), the World Bank Malaria Booster Program (8%, or over US$1.6 billion to Africa for 2005-2011 disbursed or committed) and the United Kingdom, which has recently increased substantially its effort. The most important philanthropic donor for malaria control is the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, through its Malaria Strategy. Last but not least, emerging economies, notably the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China), have also increased their aid for malaria control over the past few years