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Malaria and Development

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Need to engage non-Health Sectors
Need to engage non-Health Sectors

There are considerable inequities in exposure as well as vulnerability to malaria, in malaria outcomes, as well as in social and economic consequences of malaria. Notably, 90% of all malaria deaths occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa, mostly among children under five years of age.

Trends in urbanization, natural resource management, agriculture and food security have a significant impact on malaria endemicity, including through related demographic dynamics. In the broader context of development and environment, climate change is likely to influence the distribution of malaria endemicity, though with variable patterns which need to be better predicted and mapped.

Also important, better integration of a multisectoral dimension into malaria interventions and vice versa has a proven added value in terms of more efficient management of common costs as well as in terms of more effective financing synergies between malaria control and other key development areas. This is a requirement which is also crucial in the current resource-constrained environment.

In support of this ongoing effort, the RBM Secretariat and UNDP, as a key RBM founding Partner and Co-Chair of the “Post MDG UN Task Team”, convened a Consultation on Developing a Multisectoral Approach to Malaria, which was held on 1-3 July 2013 in Geneva and gathered some 70 experts from government, academia, civil society, international financing institutions, UN organizations and the private sector.

As a result of the Consultation, participants agreed on the development of an action framework and a roadmap to identify a vision and a concrete path for better addressing the socio-environmental determinants of malaria and engage key actors from non-health sectors in the work of the RBM Partnership.

The Multisectoral Action Framework for Malaria was launched alongside the 68th Session of the UN General Assembly in New York in September 2013, in a high-level event featuring the participation of world leaders and influential speakers such as the Presidents of Tanzania and Mozambique.

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